Anti anxiety drugs are commonly used to ease symptoms of anxiety and panic attacks but the underlying cause triggering the attack is not addressed. Typically, people taking this type of medication get relief but that does not mean the attacks go away altogether.
Most often, a doctor will prescribe anti anxiety medication for short-term relief and then recommend other forms of treatment or therapy to identify and treat the cause. The reason this is important is that when anti anxiety medications are used long-term, it can cause not only unwanted side effects but it can also become addictive. Therefore, a person dealing with anxiety and panic attacks need to consider therapy along with lifestyle changes to get permanent relief.
The type of drug usually prescribed for anxiety disorders is called benzodiazepines. However, with medical advancement, doctors also use beta blockers and antidepressants as well, which are shown to be less harmful but again, these newer drugs still do not identify or treat the underlying cause, only provide temporary relief. The opinion of medical experts around the globe is much the same – anti anxiety drugs should only be used for a short-term solution and as a part of a more in-depth type of anxiety treatment. When people suffering from anxiety learn triggers, this gives them the opportunity to make appropriate changes for overall better health.
A more complex of anti anxiety drug on the market is tranquilizers, which change chemicals found in the brain. Tranquilizers work by relaxing muscles, calming nerves, improving sleep quality, and helping a person concentrate better. For most people, response to tranquilizers is fast, often within an hour. In addition, if administered during an actual panic or anxiety attack, tranquilizers are highly effective. The downside to this type of medication has to do with side effects and addition. Unfortunately, people can get hooked on tranquilizers and even if they wanted to stop, they find it near impossible.
Two of the dreaded side effects of most anti anxiety drugs include poor coordination and sleepiness, which is extremely common in benzodiazepines. Therefore, a person taking medication such as this would need to avoid driving, operating heavy equipment, or making important decisions. Additionally, some people taking anti anxiety medication complain that they feel hung over, which is usually associated with a slow drug metabolism. This means these drugs accumulate within the body, which creates risk of being over sedated. For this reason, anyone on anti anxiety medication needs to be very careful, regardless of the kind of medication or using it short-term.